Sometimes it happens that one party (usually the defendant), argue that the court in a criminal case bias. In the vast majority of cases, but the opposition led by the accused dissatisfaction with the actions brought against him by the court, the legal procedure used, or even believing that by raising this objection averting the implementation of the trial and conviction.
Insanity offenders is an important circumstances, exclude the unlawfulness of the offender act that would be otherwise considered a criminal offense. This means that anyone who commits a criminal act otherwise in a state of insanity, for such behavior is not criminally responsible and can not therefore be prosecuted, respectively. can not be found guilty of a criminal offense.
Perjury (false testimony correctly) is a criminal offense. In principle, everyone is required to attend the trial, or. to any other body acting in criminal proceedings and give testimony.
Besides the conditional suspension of prosecution is a settlement one way to settle a criminal matter without having to be decided on guilt and punishment.
It is a protective measure, not punishment. Stores are offenders who have committed a crime in connection with a disease or disorder or in relation to any misuse of addictive substances. Most often it is a protective treatment alcohol and drug, sexology, psychiatry, etc.
Every accused has a right to defend himself or through counsel. Advocate can be a person registered in the Czech Bar Association.
Each accused is therefore free to decide whether to defend themselves or whether they choose an attorney. In some cases, the accused must have defense counsel, and possibly against their will.